大正筋の歴史

The history of the Taisho Shopping Street

​大正7年創業

Established in Taisho7

 

 大正7年に設立された「大正筋商店街」は、当初3つの組織に別れており、その筋は「潮汲み筋」呼ばれていたが、二葉町に娯楽館が出来ると「娯楽館筋」になり、久保町に松竹館が出来ると「松竹館筋」と呼ばれるなど統率が取れずに不便であったため、大正13年に商店街名を広く一般に募集した。審査委員には、岡崎神戸商工会議所会頭・石橋神戸市長・古宇田神戸高工長・歴史家の福原会下山といったそうそうたるメンバーで、審査の結果、当時の年号を取り入れて「大正筋」と命名され現在に至っている。*潮汲み筋…高取神社の清め塩を作るために、駒ヶ林の浜から大正筋の南北道路を通って高取山まで汲んだ潮水を運んでいたため「潮汲み筋」と呼ばれていた。

"Taisho muscle shopping street" which was founded in Taisho 7th year was divided into three organizations at the beginning, the source was called "tide pumping streak", but when the entertainment hall can be built in Futaba Town "entertainment hall muscle When it became Kubo-cho, Shochiku-kan could not get the leadership such as being referred to as "Shochiku-kan library", so it was unfortunately inconvenient to seek a widely public shopping district name in Taisho in 2001. To the judging committee members such as Okazaki Kobe Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Mayor of Ishibashi Kobe City, Kaoru Koudo Koji High School, Historian Fukuhara Kaiseama, etc. As a result of the judgment, incorporating the era of the time, "Taisho Muscle" It has been named and now reached. * Tide squeezing muscle ... It was called "tide pumping streak" because it carried the tide water drawn from the beach of Komagayashi through the Taicho muscle north-south road to Takatori mountain to make cleanse salt of Takatori shrine.

昭和初期

Early Showa era

 昭和 10 年 12 月頃に行われた「神戸市商店街調査」において記されている当時の大正筋の特徴は、路面はアスファルト舗装をしており、3街区に111店舗(内商業73店舗)が店を構えていた。営業形態では、大正末期までに開業の店が31店で昭和に入ってからの開業の店は42店となっており、従業員の数は1-5人までが59店と81%を占めている。また自己店舗比率は、自己店が8店・借家が65店と89%が借家となっている。開閉店時間は午前7時から午後11時と16時間もあり、商店街の発展性を見ると、南北の商店街であるため北のほうへ発展しており、ここ2-3年は活気が見られると書かれているのでまだまだ発展途上の商店街と言えた。

Characteristics of the Taisho source at the time described in "Kobe City Shopping Street Survey" conducted around December 1953, the road surface is asphalt paved, 111 shops (73 commercial businesses) in 3 blocks He was holding a shop. In the sales form, there are 31 shops opened in late Taisho era and opening shops after entering the Showa era in the Showa era, 42 shops, with 1 to 5 employees occupying 59 shops and 81% ing. In addition, the self-store ratio is 8 for self-store, 65 for rented houses and 89% for rented houses. The opening and closing shop time is from 7:00 am to 11:00 pm and 16 hours and the development potential of the shopping district is developing to the north side because it is a shopping arcade in the north and south and the lively It was written that it could be seen, so it was still a developing shopping area.

昭和30年代の反映

Reflect in Showa 30's

 戦災を免れた昭和30年頃、大正筋商店街は、戦後の第一期黄金時代を迎え、昭和22年には鈴蘭灯と天幕を再興し、他の商店街と一味違った130店が店を揃え、32年10月にはそれまでの商業組合から協同組合に組織を変更して、昭和34年5月には全長341mものアーケードを完成させるとともに、昭和38年には県下第一号となる「振興組合」を結成した。当時は最新式のアーケードを見学するために全国から視察が訪れ、神戸でも三宮センター街が大正筋のアーケードを参考に新しいアーケードを建設している。

In around 1954, Taisho muscle shopping district reached the first golden era after the war, and in 1952 it revived the Suzu Lantern and Tent, and 130 shops that were slightly different from other shopping districts opened shops In addition, in October 1932 the organization was changed from a commercial union to a cooperative association, and in May 1954 it completed a total length of 341 m arcade, and in 1963 it became the first prefecture under the prefecture "Promotion Association" was formed. At that time visits from all over the country to visit the state-of-the-art arcade, Sannomiya Center town building a new arcade with reference to Taisho source arcade in Kobe.